Additionally, Xochiquetzal was one of the Aztec deities honoured during Toxcatl, an annual festival celebrated during the Aztec month of the same name (roughly corresponding to the month of May). My interests range from ‘conventional’ to ‘radical’ interpretations of the archaeological/textual/pictorial data set. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. She had a twin brother, Xochipilli, who, like her, was associated with beauty and the arts. Goddess of birds, butterflies, song, dance and love. Tamoanchan is quite unlike the concept of paradise found in Western culture. However, Tzitzimitl recognized Mayahuel and broke the branches into pieces. ↩, J. Quipoloa, “The Aztec Festivals,” The Aztec Gateway, archived from the original on August 21, 2013, https://web.archive.org/web/20130821054649/http://www.amoxtli.org/cuezali/festivals.html. The Aztecs were Nahuatl-speaking groups living in central Mexico and much of their mythology is similar to that of other Mesoamerican cultures. In the belief system of the Aztecs, Xochiquetzal was the daughter of Tlazolteotl, a goddess connected with both the opposing concepts of filth and purification. It is said that when Quetzalcoatl and Mayahuel were fleeing from Tzitzimitl (stars demon ), they tried to hide by pretending to be branches of a tree. By connotation, Xochiquetzal is also representative of human desire, pleasure, and excess, appearing also as patroness of artisans involved in the manufacture of luxury items. Tlaloc accepted this challenge and went to Tezcatlipoca’s domain to demand the return of his wife. ( Public domain ). ; Norse-Germanic. Apart from that, however, this paradise was a desolate and empty landscape, with cold winds that cut the flesh like obsidian knives. Xochiquetzal. Accessed on . In any case, it is known that she was married to Tlaloc, the god of rain and water . Accessed August 15, 2019. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Xochiquetzal. Xochiquetzal’s familial ties are somewhat mysterious, as her parentage was lost to the historical gaps left by time and conquest. Returning to Xochiquetzal and her two husbands, Tezcatlipoca’s conditions were met, and the god, in return, honoured his promise. Pregnancy and weaving were connected through the idea of a spindle. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Xochiquetzal. (n.d.). Oxford: ABC-CLIO, 2000. Hueypachtli, sometimes called Tepeilhuitl, was an annual festival held primarily to honor Tlaloc; Xochiquetzal’s cult also partook in the celebrations.11 During this festival, Xochiquetzal was “honored with flower offerings, drinking, and ‘fornications.’”12 As was common in Aztec festivals, an ixiptlatli or impersonator was chosen to represent Xochiquetzal. She was also worshipped by various tribes and cultures before the Aztecs and continued to be worship outside the Aztec Empire. 116 (June 1884): 616-651. In one account, she even represented chocolate and was known for giving roses their scent. Freyja. Some might call her a psychopomp, she guides those who have died to the other side safely. Seeing that this problem needed to be remedied, the gods “made of the hairs of Suchiquecar [Xochiquetzal], a woman with whom his first marriage took place.”7. She was also known as Matlalcueye—"She Who Wears a … I believe that intellectual engagement by advocates from both ends of the spectrum would serve to... Read More. Men from the Land of Amber: The Shocking History of the Fierce Curonians, The Colossal Head of Decebalus, King of the Dacians. [NSFW: please be advised that this link contains what some may consider pornographic content]. Chalchiuhtlicue. Huitzilopochtli, Father of the Aztecs. The goddess of the moon moves swiftly across the sky...seemingly visiting different planetary lovers along the way, before returning to stay with her solar husband for several days each month. Her name means “Precious Feather Flower.” She was pictured wearing a headband of flowers and colorful feathers. Egyptian Blue – The Oldest Known Artificial Pigment, The Evidence is Cut in Stone: A Compelling Argument for Lost High Technology in Ancient Egypt, Han Purple: A 2,800-year-old artificial pigment that quantum physicists are trying to understand. The water god was successful in his quest, as Tezcatlipoca agreed to return Xochiquetzal to him, and to not bother the goddess again, on the conditions that Xochiquetzal was forbidden to journey to earth directly, and that she was to stay in Tamoanchan, the paradise of the Aztec gods. Norse Mythology. © 2019 Wasai LLC – All Rights Reserved. While many Aztec gods had explicit origin stories, Xochiquetzal did not. Someti… Tamoanchan described in the Codex Borgia. [Online]Available at: http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/aztecs/gods/goddess-of-the-month-xochiquetzal, Parsons, B. L., 2015. Xochiquetzal’s familial ties are somewhat mysterious, as her parentage was lost to the historical gaps left by time and conquest. Aztec mythology’s goddess of desire, pleasure, and excess: Xochiquetzal - Bedsider She is the patron of artists and also represents the sexual power of young women. Emblemised [characterised] by flowers and colourful feathers, Xochiquetzal was patroness of lovers and prostitutes. Messiah on Temple Mount: Are We Nearing the End of Time? Xochiquetzal had something of a reputation for being a seductress—seducing the virtuous Topiltzin-Quetzalcoatl among others.10. She is the goddess of flowers, fertility, prostitution, and pregnant women. Whilst the priest pretended to weave, devotees of the goddess would dance around him, and confessed their sins to an idol of the goddess. Unlike several other figures in the complex of Aztec female earth deities connected with agricultural and sexual fecundity, Xochiquetzal is always depicted as an alluring and youthful woman, richly attired and symbolically associated with vegetation and in particular flowers. In this Aztec paradise, there was a tree that represented the entire world. Xilonen The Aztec maize-goddess, called "the hairy-one" referring to the hair-like tassels of the corn. Xolotl. Tonantzin An Aztec mother-goddess. Anthropologist Hugo Nutini identifies her with the Virgin of Ocotlan in his article on patron saints in Tlaxcala. For reasons that aren’t entirely clear, weavers had a reputation for being loose women. ↩, Wikipedia contributors, “Piltzintecuhtli,” Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piltzintecuhtli (accessed August 15, 2019). Alternatively, she is shown with weaving tools in her hand, which attests to her authority over the household arts. Xochiquetzal played wife to many different Aztec gods. Ancient Origins © 2013 - 2021Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact us, Doomed to forever roll a huge boulder up a steep hill, Sisyphus is a figure in Greek mythology who represents an impossible task. Such gods included: Piltzintecuhtli – god of the rising sun, healing, and hallucinogenic drugs4, Tezcatlipoca – one of the four creator deities who served as omnipresent god of the night sky and knower of all thoughts. ↩, The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, “Xochiquetzal,” Encyclopædia Britannica, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Xochiquetzal (accessed August 15, 2019). Xochitlicue: Aztec Goddess of Fertility. ; Cliodhna, Irish goddess, sometimes identified as a goddess of love and beauty. Handbook of Mesoamerican Mythology. Such gods included: 1. The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts, Petroglyphic Features of Portable Rock Art, The Northern Mysteries Current: Futhark and Mystery Schools of the Viking Age, Floki and the Viking Discovery of Iceland. A depiction of Xochiquetzal from the Codex Rios. Chalchiuhtotolin. As a lunar deity, Xochiquetzal had an additional link to pregnancy; the moon also grew rounder over the course of its cycle. “Quetzalli.” Online Nahuatl Dictionary. Privacy Policy, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Xochiquetzal, https://nahuatl.uoregon.edu/content/ichpochtli, https://posturemag.com/online/rurru-mipanochia/, https://nahuatl.uoregon.edu/content/quetzalli, https://web.archive.org/web/20130821054649/http://www.amoxtli.org/cuezali/festivals.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piltzintecuhtli, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X%C5%8Dchiquetzal, https://nahuatl.uoregon.edu/content/xochitl, https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/xochiquetzal/. She was the embodiment of youth and she was amorously pursued by … Throughout Mesoamerican culture, they practiced human sacrifice and ritual cannibalism to placate this god. Xochiquetzal. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2016. ↩, Henry Phillips, Jr., “Notes upon the Codex Ramirez, with a Translation of the Same,” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 21, no. They took their interpretation of the Aztec goddess from one of her alternative names, Ichpochtli, meaning “maiden.” NSFW: please be advised that this link contains what some may consider pornographic content. Retrieved from https://mythopedia.com/aztec-mythology/gods/xochiquetzal/. Aztec mythology is the body or collection of myths of Aztec civilization of Central Mexico. Prior to the festival, a virgin was chosen to impersonate the goddess, and to wed a chosen warrior who represented Tezcatlipoca. The myth continues with Tezcatlipoca bringing the goddess to his realm and daring any of the gods to rescue her. Tate, K., 2006. The Aztec goddess of erotic love and weaving, Xochiquetzal was an ancient lunar deity adopted from the Classical Mayan pantheon. Piltzintecuhtli – god of the rising sun, healing… ~ Wiki Like Persephone, was kidnapped and taken from her husband, Tlaloc, to the underworld by Tezcatlipoca a lord of the underworld. While Xochiquetzal was a goddess of sexual desire and love, Spanish missionaries were drawn to the way in which she was portrayed. As a weaver worked, the spindle gradually became more round. Her twin brother Xochipilli was the god of art, beauty, and dance. Accessed August 14, 2019. https://nahuatl.uoregon.edu/content/xochitl. At first glance, the conjunction of pregnancy, erotic love, and weaving seem like a relatively random assortment of concepts. ( Public Domain ). Her name means 'Precious Feather Flower' in the Nahuatl language. Xochiquetzal played wife to many different Aztec gods. According to the Aztecs, Xochiquetzal was the goddess of beauty, pleasure, and love. Aztec God of the Underworld. Aztec Goddess of Fertility. Enormous Underwater Structure in the Sea of Galilee is a Mystery to Archaeologists, A Mysterious Mummy in Cairo: The Surprising True Identity of Joseph with the Coat of Many Colors, Titanoboa: The Monster Snake that Ruled Prehistoric Colombia, The Sisyphus Myth: Cruel King Gets Eternal Punishment for Annoying Zeus, Unravelling the True Story of the Legendary Trojan Horse, The Real Story of Medusa: Protective Powers from a Snake-Haired Gorgon. Xochiquetzal was the Aztec goddess of beauty, love, pleasure, and flowers. ... Aztec God of Love. This tree was called Xochitlicacan, or the Flowering Tree, and is believed to bear thousands of multi-coloured flowers, each bloom of which was a love amulet. Xochitlicue , goddess of growthiness, she is the mother of the twin gods Xochiquetzal and Xochipilli. According to Aztec mythology, the goddess Mayahuel gave origen to the maguey plants. His sister is the Love Goddess Xochiquetzal and he’s very lovey-dovey himself. Wikipedia contributors. There are many reported human skeletal finds which are in discordance with current evolutionary beliefs dating back to anomalously ancient geological periods in the distant past, way before it is accepted that human beings ever existed. As the goddess of eroticism and female sexual power, Xochiquetzal was uniquely suited to represent Mipanochia’s work.14. A statue of the Aztec goddess Chalchiuhtlicue, goddess of running water, newborns, marriage and innocent love and the sister/wife of the oldest god, the rain god Chac), in the National Museum of Anthropology (INAH), Mexico City. ( Public Domain ). Yacatecuhtli. Áine, Irish goddess of love, summer, wealth, and sovereignty; possibly originally a sun goddess. Chalchiuhtecólotl. Xochiquetzal. Unlike his sister, Xochipilli represented male prostitutes and homosexuality. In Chalchihuitl in Quetzalli: Mesoamerican studies in honor of Doris Heyden. She is a goddess associated with concepts of fertility, beauty, and female sexual power, serving as a protector of young mothers and a patroness of pregnancy, childbirth, and the crafts practiced by women such as weaving and embroidery. She is the wife of the creator god Tonacatecuhtli. She was an important member of the Aztec pantheon and one of several literal and figurative mothers to the Aztec people. The gods sent the bat to bite out the vulva of the young goddess Xochiquetzal, from which they grew nasty-smelling flowers to present to Mictlantecuhtli.8, In some Aztec stories, Xochiquetzal was the wife of the sun, which would spend the night traveling through Mictlan before returning the next day. She incarnated youth, love and beauty and was amorously pursued by several Aztec gods. Rh-Negative Blood: An Exotic Bloodline or Random Mutation? She's often shown wearing gold jewelry and a crown of flowers. Xochiquetzal is unique amongst Aztec goddesses in that she was always portrayed as a young woman. Pictures of Xochiquetzal often show her holding flowers with quetzal bird feathers in her hair. The ixiptlatli was a young woman who would be decapitated and flayed. From shop CorazonMexica. She was also heavily associated with the moon and the various lunar phases. Her peers, like Coatlicue, were usually shown as matrons. “The Aztec Festivals.” The Aztec Gateway. At some point of time, however, Xochiquetzal was kidnapped by Tezcatlipoca, the god of night, and was forced to marry him. Culture. ” Posture Magazine, September 5, 2017 also some identities encompassed the marvel in. Dripped onto a rock while he was washing somewhat Mysterious, as her parentage was to. Chosen warrior who represented Tezcatlipoca maguey plants was known as Mayahuel Tezcatlipoca bringing goddess. Female Aztec rulers, there were n't many female Aztec names for girls followed birth order authority the... 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